Category Archives: HERCULES

ATLAS AND HERCULES

Hi,

I am writing a book which details the convicts and voyage of the convict ships Atlas1 and the Hercules. It also covers Major George Johnston and his background. A question, it has been noted on your site that Johnston was on the Hercules when it arrived in June 1802. My research from the records show him arriving on the ‘Buffalo’ in October 1802. Would much appreciate your advice where the record of his being on the Hercules was obtained. Happy to provide the final chapter on the ship when completed.

Kind regards

Brian Ahearn

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Irish Convicts to Australia

http://www.claimaconvict.net/index.html

 

Lesley Uebel

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http://newsarch.rootsweb.com/th/read/AUS-PT-JACKSON-CONVICTS/2001-10/1001976898

Governor King to the Transport Commissioners
HRA – Aug 1802
Gentlemen,
I had the honor of receiving your letters and their several enclosures dated
as per margin by the Coromandel which arrived here 13th June, Hercules 26th
June, Atlas 6th July and Perseus 4th instant.
The above transports were cleared of all the prisoners, passengers,
provisions and stores, before the time limited for that purpose was expired;
and the Commissary has furnished the respective masters with receipts for
all that was landed here.
The healthy state in which the Coromandel and Perseus arrived requires my
particularly pointing out the masters of those ships to your notice. It
appears by the log books, surgeon’s diaries and the unanimous voice of every
person on board those ships that the utmost kindness had been shown by the
masters and surgeons to the convicts. This, with the proper application of
the comforts Government had so liberally provided for them and the good
state of health all the people were in, induced the master of the Coromandel
to proceed without stopping at any port. He arrived here in four months and
one day, bringing every person in a state of high health, and fit for
immediate labour; and altho’ it appears that the Perseus necessarily
stopped at Rio and the Cape, yet the convicts were in as good condition as
those on board the Coromandel; nor can I omit the great pleasure felt by
myself and the other visiting officers at the grateful thanks expressed by
the prisoners and passengers for the kind attention and care they had
received from the masters and surgeons, who returned, an unusual quantity of
the articles laid in by Government for the convicts during the voyage.
I am sorry that the conduct of the Masters of the Hercules and Atlas appears
to be the reverse of what I have just stated. By the surgeon’s list, and
the masters of the Hercules and Atlas’s letters to me, of which I send you a
copy, you will observe the dreadful mortality that raged on board those
ships, exclusive of the numbers killed. Altho’ there was no mutiny on board
the Atlas, yet in every other respect the master of that vessels conduct
appears as much if not more reprehensible than the other. The miserable
state the survivors were in in both those ships on their arrival in this
port, being filthy beyond description, some of the convicts lying dead with
heavy irons on, many of them died as they were coming from the ship to the
hospital. These circumstances, together with the complaints made against
the masters by the officers, rendered it necessary to investigate the
necessity of their having to put in Rio de Janeiro and the Cape, and how far
the masters had infracted the charter-parties. The result of these
investigations are enclosed. The log books and diaries will be forwarded by
the first direct conveyance mentioned in my letter of the 23rd ultimo.
The master of the Hercules was necessarily tried by a Court of
Vice-Admiralty on two indictments, first for killing ten men in the mutiny,
and afterwards for shooting one man (a ringleader), it was alleged, some
time after the mutiny had subsided. On the first count he was acquitted,
and on the second he was found guilty of manslaughter, and was sentenced by
the Court to pay a fine of 500 Pounds to the Orphan School, and to be
imprisoned until it was paid. As a doubt arose in my mind respecting the
propriety of his being fined, I have given a conditional remission of that
part of the sentence which I have referred to the judge of the Admiralty
Court, for His Majesty’s pleasure being signified thereon; and that the
course of justice may not be perverted (if I am wrong respecting the fine)
the master is bound over to abide by that determination and to surrender
himself within five days after his arrival in the port of London.
The master of the Atlas having such a quantity of private trade and spirits
on board, appears to have produced most of the bad consequences complained
of in that ship. What that private trade consisted of , and the bulk
occupied on board, will be obvious from the enclosed report of that ship’s
entry.
I have judged it necessary to forward this by the Hercules, in case she
should arrive in England before my letters which I mean to send by the
conveyance pointed out in my letter of the 23rd ultimo
I have, etc
Philip Gidley King

SHIP ON WHICH ANN MORAN ARRIVED.

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Mayberry Home Page

http://members.pcug.org.au/~ppmay/

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Wicklow United Irishmen
1797 – 1804

http://members.pcug.org.au/~ppmay/wicklow.htm

THE RISE OF THE DEFENDERS 1793-5

 

http://www.iol.ie/~fagann/1798/dfender3.htm

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Index to the Colonial Secretary’s Papers, 1788-1825

http://colsec.records.nsw.gov.au/indexes/colsec/default.htm

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Deaths and Mutiny on convict vessels provoke a scandal

http://www.convictcreations.com/history/description.htm

Sydney, August 9. Despite the past disgraces of convict ships, and the regulations and warnings designed to improve their condition, two more vessels have arrived at Sydney in deplorable state, and with awful death rates.
The Hercules arrived on June 26 with the news that 30 convicts had died on the voyage and another 11 had been killed during a mutiny, with two dying later of their wounds and a third being summary executed by the captain.
The Atlas arrived on July 6, having lost 68 people through scurvy and dysentery.
Governor King described the ships as being "filthy beyond description. Some convicts were lying dead with heavy irons on, while many more died as they were coming to the hospital"
There has been an inquiry as to whether the masters had contravened their charters as convict carriers. The Governor noted that the Atlas was carrying liquor.

SITES TO SEE : THE TIME OF ANN MORAN AND THE HERCULES.

http://www.jenwilletts.com/colonial_events_1802.htm

http://www.convictconnections.org.au/shipsA-I.html

http://www.danbyrnes.com.au/blackheath/ships3.htm

http://www.historyservices.com.au/nsw_colonial_chronology_1770_1803.htm

http://www.jstor.org/pss/27516597

http://www.mcginleyclan.org/irishslaves.htm

 

EXTRACT FROM http://www.ulladulla.info/historian/1804deaths.html

Deaths 1804 NSW & Norfolk Island Early Colonial History Research and Indexed by Historian Cathy Dunn. 

Castle Hill

HUGHES

James

1804

SG 19 Jan 1806. Last week a native informed Tarlington, a settler, that the skeleton of a white man, with a musket and tin kettle laying beside him, had been seen under the first ridge of the mountains. The settler accompanied the native, and found the skeleton, and as described, the bones of which being very long, leads to a more than probable conjecture, that the remains are those of James Hughes, who absconded from Castle Hill the 15th of February 1804, in company with 15 others, most of whom had recently arrived in the Hercules, on the ridiculous pretext of finding a road to China, but in reality to commit the most unheard of depredations; the consequences of which were, that the whole except Hughes were shortly apprehended, and 13 capitally convicted before the Criminal Court, of whom two were executed, and 11 pardoned. Hughes was an able active man, well known in Ireland during the rebellion that existed in that country for his abominable depravities; and it is hoped his miserable end will warn the thoughtless, inexperienced and depraved against an inclination to exchange the comfort and security derived from honest labour, to depart from which can only lead to the most fatal consequences

Parramatta

HUMES

Samuel

Mar 1804

Leader in the 1804 Battle of Vinegar Hill – rebellion executed at Parramatta and hung in chains, Convict Hercules I 1802

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Revolution, counter-revolution, and union

By Jim Smyth

ANNE MORAN AND THE HERCULES IN 1801

Bell's Weekly Messenger (London, England), Sunday, January 4, 1801; Issue 245.

FROM BELL’S WEEKLY MESSENGER LONDON ENGLAND SUNDAY JAN 4 1801 ISSUE 245

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ACK WITH THANKS (from PHIL READY’S READY OR NOT )

ANN MORAN.

Ann had been tried in Meath,Ireland, during the the Spring of 1800. Found guilty, sentenced to seven years transportation to New South Wales, she too was held in custody to await a ship. On Sunday the 28th November 1801, two vessels , Hercules with Ann aboard  and Atlas , sailed from the Port Of Cork. The Hercules , a two deck square masted vessel of three hundred and ninety five tons burthen, built in Newcastle England was armed with ten guns , carried a crew of between 32 and 35 men , 140 male and 25 female prisoners and several passengers- among them Major Johnston who was alter to figure prominently in the history of the Colony. the ship also carried a detachment of the New South Wales Corps, under captain Ralph Wilson. ( pro reel 413 wo 12/9901 folio160 ML)

On Tuesday 29th December in the vicinity of Cape Verdes, there was a mutiny aboard ship and thirteen of the convicts were either killed during the mutiny or afterwards died from their wounds. One was later shot by Captain Betts. ( PRO 10 p 260)

At Rio after a disagreement with Captain Brookes who commanded the ATLAS Thomas Jamieson , the acting Surgeon General, with his wife and five children transferred to the HERCULES which arrived in Sydney Town on  Saturday 26th. June 1802. Thirty convicts beside the mutineers died on the journey and forty three were sick.  On landing Captain Lukyn Betts gave his report of the mutiny. He was later charged with killing the mutineer after he had surrendered and was fined several hundred pounds. Five seamen charged with assisting the mutineers were acquitted.

 

ANNE MORAN : http://www.myheritage.com/site-29656891/lynne%27s-heritage-web-site

Individual    Relationship   
ANN MORAN    ANN MORAN is the home person   
ELIZABETH CURTIS    ELIZABETH CURTIS is a daughter of ANN MORAN   
JOHN CURTIS    JOHN CURTIS is the husband of ANN MORAN   
PETER MARK READY    PETER MARK READY is a grandson of ANN MORAN   
THOMAS HOGAN    THOMAS HOGAN is a son-in-law of ANN MORAN (the husband of her daughter)   
JOHN READY    JOHN READY is a son-in-law of ANN MORAN (the husband of her daughter)   
THOMAS CURTIS    THOMAS CURTIS is a step-son of ANN MORAN   
WILLIAM CURTIS    WILLIAM CURTIS is a step-son of ANN MORAN   
BENJAMIN CURTIS    BENJAMIN CURTIS is a step-son of ANN MORAN   
JOHN CURTIS    JOHN CURTIS is a step-son of ANN MORAN   
FRANCIS CURTIS    FRANCIS CURTIS is a step-son of ANN MORAN   
WILLIAM CURTIS    WILLIAM CURTIS is a step-son of ANN MORAN   
JOSHUA CURTIS    JOSHUA CURTIS is a step-son of ANN MORAN   
ANN CURTIS    ANN CURTIS is a step-daughter of ANN MORAN   
SARAH CURTIS    SARAH CURTIS is a step-daughter of ANN MORAN   
ELIZABETH CURTIS    ELIZABETH CURTIS is a step-daughter of ANN MORAN   
CHARLOTTE CURTIS    CHARLOTTE CURTIS is a step-daughter of ANN MORAN   
CURTIS    CURTIS is a direct descendant of the husband of ANN MORAN   
JANE PURRIER    JANE PURRIER married the same man as ANN MORAN   
PETER ( GEORGE) READY    PETER ( GEORGE) READY is a great-grandson of ANN MORAN   
SARAH ANN BENSON    SARAH ANN BENSON is the wife of a grandson of ANN MORAN   
READY    READY is an in-law of ANN MORAN   
JOHANNAH CAVANAGH    JOHANNAH CAVANAGH is an in-law of ANN MORAN   
JESSIE SARAH READY    JESSIE SARAH READY is a direct descendant of ANN MORAN (4 generations; great-great-granddaughter)   
JULIA JACKSON    JULIA JACKSON is the wife of a great-grandson of ANN MORAN   
THOMAS BENSON    THOMAS BENSON is an in-law of a daughter of ANN MORAN   
HANNAH HUTCHINS    HANNAH HUTCHINS is an in-law of a daughter of ANN MORAN   
GEORGE MOORE JNR    GEORGE MOORE JNR is the husband of the wife of a grandson of ANN MORAN   
FRANCIS PRENDERGAST    FRANCIS PRENDERGAST is the husband of an in-law of ANN MORAN   
JACK BELL    JACK BELL is a direct descendant of ANN MORAN (5 generations; great-great-great-grandson)   
JEAN BELL    JEAN BELL is a direct descendant of ANN MORAN (5 generations; great-great-great-granddaughter)   
BETTY BELL    BETTY BELL is a direct descendant of ANN MORAN (5 generations; great-great-great-granddaughter)   
JOYCE BELL    JOYCE BELL is a direct descendant of ANN MORAN (5 generations; great-great-great-granddaughter)   
WILLIAM ALLEN BELL    WILLIAM ALLEN BELL is the husband of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
WILLIAM BELU JACKSON    WILLIAM BELU JACKSON is the father-in-law of a great-grandson of ANN MORAN   
ELIZABETH JOHNSON    ELIZABETH JOHNSON is the mother-in-law of a great-grandson of ANN MORAN   
WILLIAM JACKSON    WILLIAM JACKSON is a brother-in-law of a great-grandson of ANN MORAN   
SARAH A JACKSON    SARAH A JACKSON is a sister-in-law of a great-grandson of ANN MORAN   
JACKSON    JACKSON is a sister-in-law of a great-grandson of ANN MORAN   
HENRY SAMUELS    HENRY SAMUELS is the step-father of the wife of a grandson of ANN MORAN   

NITA SAVAGE    NITA SAVAGE is the wife of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
   
SUSAN SANDERS    SUSAN SANDERS is a direct descendant of ANN MORAN (6 generations; great-great-
LYNNE SANDERS    LYNNE SANDERS is a direct descendant of ANN MORAN (6 generations; great-great-great-great-granddaughter)   
BRUCE SANDERS    BRUCE SANDERS is the husband of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
ALFRED ROY BURTON    ALFRED ROY BURTON is the husband of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
WILLIAM DUIST CARTER    WILLIAM DUIST CARTER is the husband of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
JOHN BELL    JOHN BELL is the father-in-law of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
MARY ANN MCNEIL    MARY ANN MCNEIL is the mother-in-law of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
ROY MCNEIL BELL    ROY MCNEIL BELL is a brother-in-law of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
LESLIE  D.R. BELL    LESLIE  D.R. BELL is a brother-in-law of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
JAMES A BELL    JAMES A BELL is a brother-in-law of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
NORMAN BELL    NORMAN BELL is a brother-in-law of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
MARY HENRIETTA BELL    MARY HENRIETTA BELL is a sister-in-law of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
WILHELMINA ELIZABETH BELL    WILHELMINA ELIZABETH BELL is a sister-in-law of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
JANET BELL    JANET BELL is a sister-in-law of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
ANNE MCLEOD BELL    ANNE MCLEOD BELL is a sister-in-law of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
 
JIM ROBERT BRAITHWAITE    JIM ROBERT BRAITHWAITE is a direct descendant of ANN MORAN (7 generations; great-great-great-great-great-grandson)   
BENJAMIN POMROY    BENJAMIN POMROY is a direct descendant of ANN MORAN (7 generations; great-great-great-great-great-grandson)   
JOSEFINE DEWBERRY    JOSEFINE DEWBERRY is a direct descendant of ANN MORAN (7 generations; great-great-great-great-great-granddaughter)   
CASSANDRA POMROY    CASSANDRA POMROY is a direct descendant of ANN MORAN (7 generations; great-great-great-great-great-granddaughter)   
KATI BRAITHWAITE    KATI BRAITHWAITE is a direct descendant of ANN MORAN (7 generations; great-great-great-great-great-granddaughter)   
 
MARK POMROY    MARK POMROY is the husband of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
PETER KNOX    PETER KNOX is the husband of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
JOHN GEORGE SANDERS    JOHN GEORGE SANDERS is the father-in-law of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
ELIZABETH CRAIG    ELIZABETH CRAIG is the mother-in-law of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
JAMES BELL    JAMES BELL is a grandfather of the husband of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
WILHELMINA MCLEOD    WILHELMINA MCLEOD is a grandmother of the husband of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
NORMAN BELL    NORMAN BELL is an uncle of the husband of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
GARY BELL    GARY BELL is a nephew of the husband of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
ELAINE JOY BELL    ELAINE JOY BELL is a niece of the husband of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
MARGARET SWAN    MARGARET SWAN is a sister-in-law of the husband of a direct descendant of ANN MORAN   
  
MADELINE POPPY BRAITHWAITE    MADELINE POPPY BRAITHWAITE is a direct descendant of ANN MORAN (8 generations; great-great-great-great-great-great-granddaughter)   

 

A STORY OF FUGITIVES IN 1803 ON LETTERS IN SAND

http://electronicquill.wordpress.com/2008/09/10/in-this-year-1803-fugitives/