THE TWEED BETWEEN 1869 AND 1892

bell_1_md

SOMEWHERE IN THIS PERIOD JOHN BELL SUSTAINED THE INJURIES THAT TOOK THEM SOUTH TO LAURIETON. WHAT HAPPENED TO HIM ? “THEY” SAY IT WAS AN ACCIDENT IN THE CANE.

1872 http://www.family.joint.net.au/indexnew.php?mid=1&cid=43

DISTANCE 566 MILES NORTH OF SYDNEY 

MAIL CLOSES AT GENERAL POST BY CLARENCE RIVER STEAMERS, AND BY SAILING VESSELS
AS OPPORTUNITY OFFERS
MAIL ARRIVES AT POST TOWN SUNDAY 4 P.M. AND BY SAILING VESSELS AS OPPORTUNITY
OFFERS
MAIL LEAVES FOR SYDNEY TUESDAY 8 A.M. AND BY SAILING VESSELS AS OPPORTUNITY
OFFERS
MAIL ARRIVES AT SYDNEY BY CLARENCE AND RICHMOND RIVER STEAMERS, AND BY SAILING
VESSELS

ROUTE BY CLARENCE AND RICHMOND RIVER STEAMERS, KYNNUMBOON.
 
INCLUDES NORMAN AND JOHN BELL AT KYNNUMBOON.

from the BRISBANE COURIER TUESDAY 25 DECEMBER 1877 page 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1368785

The heat had been intense but was now intermittent with a sky ominously overcast. They had had showers and a thunderstorm had passed over.

The sugar mill mentioned in this article is called the ABBOTSFORD SUGAR MILL but I haven’t so far found another reference to it. Certainly the only Mill on the Tweed now is the CONDONG mill. Down at the TWEED HISTORICAL SOCIETY, there is an image of BELL’s Wharf which I shall purchase next time I am there. When I first looked, I didn’t realise the presence of the Bells in this area. The article in the BRISBANE COURIER of 1877, speaks of field operations and crushing going on ‘ merrily’. They have a complement of 20-25 men and in the field they are supervised by Mr Byrne and in the crushing by MR BELL. I shall approach the Murwillumbah Hospital one day and see whether they have any records that might explain the ‘accident’ which invalided John Bell. This Mr Bell at the mill might or might not be John. It is a year before his marriage to Mary Ann McNeil. There may well have been other Bells here  but Norman is not likely to be one of them because his children are being born down south by then. 

There was also an ascent being made to the top of MT WARNING to have a display of fireworks on the summit for CHRISTMAS. We seem to be somewhat lacking in vision in 2008. They were making a picnic party of the excursion with several gentlemen from Brisbane expected to attend.

The COLONIAL SUGAR REFINING COMPANY was acquiring land for extensions.

Two public schools are noted; MURWILLUMBAH and JUNCTION.

 

In 1879 and 1881, Tenders were taken for the conveyance of the MAILS

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article899633

The Brisbane Courier Saturday 16 August 1879, page 3.

Nerang Creek and Murwillumbah, to Mudgeraba and Tallebudgera, by horse, twice a week, for one or two years.

 

and http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article819901

The Maitland Mercury… Saturday 17 September 1881, page 3

Lismore and Kynnumboon or Murwillumbah,

once a week.

3. Lismore and Tirrania, once a week.

84. Lismore, Wollongbar, Alstonville, and BallinB,

once a week.

85. Kynnumboon or Murwillumbah, and Tumbulgum

three times a week.

horseshoe_24115_lg

In 1882 JOHN WAUGH was manager of the COMMERCIAL BANK in MURWILLUMBAH.  

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3453268

The Brisbane Courier Wednesday 25 November 1885, page 3

Constable Biffin, of the New South Wales police, deposed to the arrest and search of prisoner at Murwillumbah, on the 22nd Sep-tember. He deposed to the jewellery produced being that found by him in prisoner’s boxes.

READ ON FOR A FELONY IN INSOLVENCY AND YOUNG ADOLPH GROSSMAN

 

 

IN 1887 A ROYAL MAIL COACH ran from TALLEDBUDGERA TO MURWILLUMBAH daily except for MONDAYS at 7 am. and one from MURWILLUMBAH TO TALLEBUDGERA daily except for MONDAYS at 12.30pm.

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3461689

TWEED ROADS, &c http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1332348

IN 1889, MRS BLEKINSOP’s EMPLOYMENT AGENCY in BRISBANE was seeking a cook and a laundress for an hotel in MURWILLUMBAH

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3492278

The Brisbane Courier Monday 11 February 1889, page 2.

1889 http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3494704
The Brisbane Courier Wednesday 10 April 1889, page 4

Customs officer R. B. Downie, stationed at
Tallebudgera, reports to the Collector of
Customs, under date 4th April, that during
last month he patrolled the border from the
Murwillumbah Crossing to the Tweed River
Heads. The roads, especially between Talle-
budgera and the border, are in a very bad

state from the recent heavy rains. During the
month there arrived by coaoh from New South
Wales five passengers, while seven passengers
left for New South Wales during the same
period. A good number of swagmen have
been going over to the Tweed in search of
work. The country in the neighbourhood of
Tallebudgera is looking exceedingly well, and
there is plenty of grass and water.

 

49641_fern_spore_lg

1891 JANE HARRISON v JOHN HARRISON
he Brisbane Courier Thursday 19 March 1891, page 3
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3523756
 

 

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GoldCoastHistory 1851 – 1900  http://www.goldcoast.com.au/about-gold-coast/gold-coast-history-2.html

Joshua Bray – (1838-1918) http://www.tweedhistory.org.au/murwillumbah/bray.shtml

ABSTRACT In March 1864 Samuel returned with his wife and child, shortly after them Joshua Bray joined them and they became partners. In 1865 Joshua returned to Tumut and became engaged to Rosalie (called Gertrude). He returned to the Tweed with a carpenter who built him a house of pit saw timber, Joshua named the house, ‘Kynnumboon’, an Aboriginal name for the land on which it was built. Joshua and Gertrude were married in Armidale NSW, they then went by gig to Singleton, train to Newcastle and boat to Sydney for a short honeymoon. They returned to the Tweed going by boat to Brisbane, Qld. and then rode down to the Tweed on horseback.

NEW SOUTH WALES SHIPWRECKS http://oceans1.customer.netspace.net.au/nsw-wrecks.html

Byron. Wooden screw steamship, 145/99 tons. #101024. Built at Terrigal, NSW, 1891, as a schooner; reg. Sydney, 75/1891. Lbd 96.2 x 20.4 x 8.1 ft. Sprang a leak in a gale and abandoned off Lake Macquarie, off Nine Mile Beach, Red Head, NSW, 24 May 1896. The Newcastle lifeboat rescued the crew. See also topsail schooner Condong and barquentine Karoola lost in the same gale.  [LN – 99 tons],[ASR],[MR],[SAN],[BNN]
@ Wrecksite known, south-east of Redhead Point.

NEW SOUTH WALES SHIPWRECKS http://oceans1.customer.customer.netspace.net.au/nsw-main.html

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Murwillumbah http://www.smh.com.au/news/New-South-Wales/Murwillumbah/2005/02/17/1108500197934.html

ABSTRACT

Sugarcane was first grown in the valley in 1869 as free selectors began to take up land. However, two years later, a visitor noted that the river was covered on both sides by dense scrub with but a few dispersed dwellings. One of the selectors – Joshua Bray (the future police magistrate) – is said to have adopted the name ‘Murwillumbah’ from the local Aborigines. It is thought to describe either a good place for camping beside the river or a good place to catch possums.

The townsite was surveyed in 1872. The post office was transferred from Kynnumboon (just to the north) in 1877, the school was transferred from Tumbulgum in 1878, a courthouse was built and the first bank was established in 1880. The first sugar mill in the area also opened in 1880. A ferry service replaced the punt in 1888. However, settlement remained limited until the railway arrived in 1894 from Lismore via Mullumbimby

Cane Farming – Getting Established http://www.tweed.nsw.gov.au/Museum/History/Content/sugar1.aspx

 

Sunshine Sugar http://www.sunshinesugar.com.au/sust_energy.htm

 

Cane cutter knife c.1950s http://www.migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au/exhibition/objectsthroughtime/caneknife/

 

TWEED RIVER MANAGEMENT PLAN ADVISORY COMMITTEE

November 1998 http://www.tweed.nsw.gov.au/Waterways/pdfs/rm_bankmanagementplan.htm

 

Kynnumboon Bridge, Queensland Rd,Murwillumbahhttp://www.aussieheritage.com.au/listings/nsw/Murwillumbah/KynnumboonBridge/5422

 

THE NORTH COAST TRAIN LINE AS IT ONCE WAS 

Casino – Old Casino 6/11/1905
Old Casino – Lismore 19/10/1903
Lismore – Mullumbimby 15/5/1894
Mullumbimby – Murwillumbah 24/12/1894
Murwillumbah – Condong 24/12/1894

http://fang.omni.com.au/trains/Murbah.html 

 

Australia’s sugar industry

By Robert F. McKillop

http://www.lrrsa.org.au/LRR_SGRa.htm

 

 

 

BACK ON THE TWEED RIVER

march tweed 002

 

WHATEVER it was the BELLs were doing, they are listed as landholders from 1869-1890 , Norman and Agnes have JANET LAURIE and WILLIMINA here in 1871 and 1872, JOHN and MARY ANN have children on the Tweed between 1879 and 1890 and at least JANET LAURIE marries in Murwillumbah in 1898.

JAMES and WILHELLMINA BELL’s children  are listed at the time of Wilhelmina’s death 2 March 1903 as;

NAME AGE COMMENTS ON NSW BDM LISTINGS
MARY(LAURIE) 57

MARY’s marriage is listed as 1866 to ALEXANDER J  LAWRIE in DUNGOG . DOD Stroud 1918

WILHELMINA(DINSEY) 56

MARRIES GEORGE DINSEY IN 1865 IN DUNGOG. This would indicate that Wilhelmina was Mrs Dinsey by the time the Bells moved north. Dinsey Creek is between Condong and Tumbulgum. She dies in 1911 in Murwillumbah.

NORMAN 54 Married AGNES in 1870 at DUNGOG
JOHN 52 Marries MARY ANN MCNEIL in 1878 at TAREE
MARGARET(MCEACHRAN) 50

Listed as an 1880 marriage to  MACEACHRAN JOHN IN LISMORE
Death recorded in 1920 at MURRUMBURRAH.

ELIZABETH(WALKER) 48 I cannot find a WALKER marrying a BELL as yet but ELIZABETH WALKER does die in 1948 in GLOUCESTER.
CHRISTINA(QUIRK) 47 Nor for CHRISTINA as yet but I do have her death In Murwillumbah in 1944 so she was a Tweed woman.

 

 

JOHN and MARY ANN’s 9 children with places and years of birth;

JAMES
1879
TWEED RIVER

NORMAN
1881
TWEED RIVER

ANNE MCLEOD
1883
TWEED RIVER in 1918 married STANLEY WITCHARD in TAREE.

JANET
1885
TWEED RIVER

LESLIE DONALD RAYMOND
1887
TWEED RIVER

MARY HENRIETTA
1890
MURWILLUMBAH married THOMAS MCLENNAN IN TAREE 1914

ROY MCNEIL
1895
LAURIETON

WILHELMINA ELIZABETH
1897
LAURIETON

WILLIAM ALLEN MARRIED JESSIE SARAH READY

 

000_2889

JOHN BELL LANDHOLDER PRIOR TO 1892

 

YOUNGBUTTS ETC 018 YOUNGBUTTS ETC 019
ALONG THE TWEED RIVER NEAR CONDONG EARLY 2008
YOUNGBUTTS ETC 017 YOUNGBUTTS ETC 016
IN THE VICINITY OF THE BELL LAND ON TWEED VALLEY WAY

 

 

 

JOHN BELL’S land survey is dated 1869. His marriage to MARY ANN MCNEIL took place 27 June 1878 down South in the Taree district. Was he in the north before that or did he not come north until that time ? 

From ROY BURTON; at the time of the marriage John gave his place of residence as RAWDON VALE district of GLOUCESTER. Witnesses to the marriage were JOSEPH LAURIE and MARGARET BELL. JOSEPH LAURIE Senior owned property in the RAWDON VALE locality. The witness Joseph was probably the 5th son of Joseph Snr. Refer to the Early History of the Camden Haven p 16. “THE LAURIES”. He was probably best man and was living at PEACH GROVE now known as LAURIETON at the time of the marriage. MARGARET BELL is possibly JOHN’S SISTER. It is possible John worked for the Lauries at Rawdon Vale. After the wedding they moved to the Tweed River where John was cane farming. he was invalided after an accident and the family move from the Tweed to Laurieton in 1892. John died in 1919 and Mary Ann died in 1935.

We still have not located JOHN’S birth in BDMS.

 

CONNECTIONS FROM MURWILLUMBAH AND THE TWEED – BELLS, BIGNELLS, LAURIES AND MORE

NORMAN BELL was the older brother of JOHN BELL wife of MARY ANN MCNEIL. They had adjoining land at CONDONG on the TWEED.

Their parents were JAMES AND WILHELMINA as noted elsewhere. James was the housebreaker transported from Glasgow in 1831 on the YORK and WILHELMINA was the daughter of WILLIAM MCLEOD and JANET MACKAY who came on the JAMES MORAN in 1839. They married in 1839 at MAITLAND when WILHELMINA was 17 years old. Check in the search engine to the right for further details. It appears at this time that the Mcleods and Mackays came as a result of the ruthless clearances of the Sutherland Shires in the HIGHLANDS of Scotland. In the 1860s the BELL boys have land on the TWEED. The NSW BDM records indicate that their father JAMES died in 1859( to be verified). I do not know what brought the boys ( and perhaps more members of their family north from the Maitland Area). Land is also indicated to belong to WILHELLMINA BELL – mother ? sister ? daughter ?

NORMAN BELL was born 1845 and died 15 June 1924 . He is buried in BARRINGTON CEMETERY. His occupations are listed at TWEED RIVER HISTORICAL SOCIETY as farmer/grazier. Whilst on Tweed he was resident at CONDONG. Norman married in 1870 at DUNGOG NSW. His wife was AGNES FRASER HIGGINS and her mother was JANET LAURIE. As my mother used to tell me the BELLS and the LAURIES were ‘tied in somehow”. Her father was JOHN HIGGINS. Agnes Higgins was born at Pt Stephens in 1846 and died in CHATSWOOD, SYDNEY in 1929.

Their children;

names birthdate and place marriage date and spouse death date and place
JANET LAURIE 1871 TWEED RIVER 1898 GEORGE BIGNELL MURWILLUMBAH  
WILLIMINA A 1872 TWEED RIVER JOHN A. GUNN COPELAND 1895 1911 STROUD NSW
JAMES WALTER 1874 PORT STEPHENS   15-8-1886 NSW
AGNES MARY 1876 PORT STEPHENS GORDON A D CLARK STROUD 1915  
ELIZABETH J 1878 PORT STEPHENS JOHN STACE PORT STEPHENS 1903
MARGARET CHRISTINA 1881 BARRINGTON THOMAS FARLEY CRICK SYDNEY 1907  
MARY HENRIETTA 1883 COPELAND WILLIAM JAMES MARTIN STROUD 1907 22-8-1938 KRAMBACH NSW
JOHN JAMES 1889 COPELAND   1923 BARRINGTON
NOREINE F 1893 COPELAND    

From these dates it appears Norman left the Tweed district by the early 1870s whereas John’s Children are born on Tweed between 1879 and 1890 with the youngest being born at Laurieton in the early 90s. Hmm. A rethink required again.

image

image

THE INFORMATION I HAVE IS THAT NO 49 IS JOHN BELL’S LAND . ( YET TO BE VERIFIED AS ONE MAP INDICATES CONDONG AND ONE IS FURTHER ALONG NEAR STOTTS CREEK)

 

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GEORGE  BIGNELL. IN 1898 AT MURWILLUMBAH MARRIED JANET LAURIE BELL DAUGHTER OF NORMAN BELL WHO WAS BROTHER OF JOHN BELL, GRANNY’S HUSBAND.  http://www.aif.adfa.edu.au:8080/showPerson?pid=22518

 

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FROM THE NATIONAL LIBRARY OF AUSTRALIA HISTORIC NEWSPAPERS

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1368785

There is mention of a MR BELL managing the ABBOTSFORD SUGAR MILL on the TWEED.

 

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MURWILLUMBAH LINKS

http://www.mit.edu/~dfm/genealogy/sercombe.html Sercombe Families